The Indian Flag and the significance of its Colors


India came into recognition in the 20th century. It has its history spread over for more than 4,000 years in which a civilized population has lived in the Indian territory. Various sultanates and Empires led to the formation of India. The Indian Flag as we know it today has its own history. The Delhi Sultanate (1206) flew a dark green flag with a black stripe on its centre left. Mughal empire used green color, whereas Maratha and Mysore used saffron and red colors. All of them were united by the British colonization of the Indian territory. India gained independence in 1947 and by that time had used different flags for instance Calcutta’s flag, Gandhi’s flag and the flag of the provisional government of free India. All of these flags led to the formation of today’s flag which consist of a horizontal tricolor flag with colors saffron, white and green and in the center there is the Ashoka Chakra, a navy blue wheel with 24 spokes. Every element has its own meaning and significance. The saffron indicates the strength and courage of the nation. It’s also a common color in Hinduism and Buddhism. It is also the color of the renunciation of ego which represents the idea of putting the nation’s interest above an individual’s interest. The white represents the peace and truth with the Dharma chakra. According to Indian Philosophy, white represents cleanliness and knowledge. The color green represents fertility and growth of the land. Green is also considered as a festive color that represents life and happiness. The Ashoka Chakra in the center is the depiction of the Dharma chakra. It is one of the ashtamangala which is related to Hinduism, Buddhism and Jainism. It has 24 spokes. In Hinduism, the number 24 has special significance and it also represents the 24 hours of the day. India’s highest peacetime military decoration awarded for courage is also called Ashoka chakra. All the elements of the Indian flag have great relevance and represent Indian culture.


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