12th Malaysian constitution passed by Parliament


The government’s greatest five-year development plan was adopted without opposition, giving new Malaysian Prime Minister Ismail Sabri Yaakob a comfortable majority in Parliament. After opting not to put his majority to the test with a confidence vote after entering office in August, the approval of the 12th Malaysia Plan, Datuk Ismail’s first policy paper since taking office, would be regarded as a boost as he prepares to present the critical federal budget later this month.
On Thursday, the development plan was approved by a simple voice vote (October 7). The major opposition Pakatan Harapan (PH) coalition’s legislators did not vote against it, reflecting the spirit of Mr. Ismail’s earlier confidence-and-supply deal with the PH.
Mr. Ismail and PH signed a memorandum of understanding (MOU) in September that featured a variety of policy and political commitments, but the 12th Malaysia Plan was not one of them.
Much of the RM400 billion (S$one hundred thirty billion) improvement plan, which is 54% large than its predecessor, the eleventh Malaysia Plan, is geared at reviving the USA’s Covid-19-wrecked financial system because the USA prepares to reopen its financial system and global borders in 2022. By 2025, the plan intends to eliminate extreme poverty, decrease state inequality, and transform Malaysia into a high-income economy.
Mr. Ismail’s hold on Parliament is fragile, with only a four-seat majority. He leads the same informal coalition as his predecessor, Tan Sri Muhyiddin Yassin, who was only in power for 17 months. After a handful of MPs in his coalition dropped support for him, Mr. Muhyiddin became Malaysia’s shortest-serving prime minister.
After months of difficulties within Mr. Muhyiddin’s alliance and frequent sniping with the opposition, Mr. Ismail negotiated an agreement with the PH to restore political stability in the nation.
As part of the agreement, the premier pledged to introduce numerous reform bills, including legislation to impose a new voting age, prohibit party-hopping, and restrict the prime minister’s tenure to ten years.
In exchange, PH indicated it might support or abstain from voting in Parliament on crucial government legislation, such as the budget and associated supply bills.
The MOU also contained a pledge that Parliament will not be dissolved before the end of July next year, allowing lawmakers enough time to introduce and approve reform measures before the next general election, which isn’t scheduled until July 2023. Mr. Ismail’s job looks to be safe for the next year. On October 29, Mr. Ismail will present the government budget for 2022, which will be voted on in November and December.


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